Becoming an electrician requires a combination of classroom and practical training. A high school diploma is the most common educational requirement, with only 30% of electrician graduates earning an associate's degree. It is possible to complete a degree program at universities such as the University of Phoenix or DeVry University. The skills needed for this position include knowledge of hand tools, electrical equipment, and conduction ducts.
Electricians must also be familiar with national safety regulations and construction codes, as well as the National Electrical Code. This includes calculations, code standards, rules and regulations, and safety requirements. In Arizona, electricians may need to show formal education in a related field such as electrical technology. This includes understanding terms and units of measurement, electric current, electron flow, magnetism and electromagnetism, superposition, Ohm's law and alternating current theory.
Electricians must also be able to perform quick calculations in the field using standard equations that may include factors such as frequency, voltage, phase, weight, mass, gravity, and other variables relevant to building codes and standards. Associate degrees in electrical technology are available from many universities. These degrees prepare students to start working immediately after graduating. Other universities offer general education courses that open the door to four-year degree programs.
Electricians must also complete an apprenticeship program after graduating from an accredited training program from a renowned institute. This includes learning about general workplace requirements, AEG and GFCI usage guidelines, and the procedure for using MSDS sheets to recognize and handle hazardous materials. In order to become an electrician, you must obtain a license from your state. Each state has its own requirements but most include a certain amount of years of experience and passing an exam.